Combined Central Retinal Artery & Central Retinal Vein Occlusion in Secondary APS

  • Harish Prabhu Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin.
  • Vishnu S Chandran Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin.
  • K K Velayudhan Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin
Keywords: Anti Phospholipid Syndrome, Central Retinal Artery Occlusion, Central Retinal Vein Occlusion, Combined CRAO & CRVO

Abstract

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by either vascular thrombosis (arterial or venous) or pregnancy morbidity due to the presence of abnormal antibodies circulating in the blood. It is a hypercoagulable condition & systemic features of the syndrome can be varied depending upon the organ affected. Ocular Involvement occurs in upto 80- 90 % of APS in the form of amaurosis Fugax, retinal artery occlusion, retinal vein occlusion, optic neuropathy etc. Even though central retinal arterial obstruction (CRAO) and central retinal venous obstruction (CRVO) have been noted independently in APS (primary and secondary), combined CRAO and CRVO is one of the rarest presentation in APS. We are presenting a case of combined CRAO & CRVO as the initial presenting complaint in a 38yr old lady with secondary APS.

Author Biographies

Harish Prabhu, Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin.

Postgraduate Trainee, Department of Internal Medicine

Vishnu S Chandran, Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin.

Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine

K K Velayudhan, Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Edapally, Cochin

Professor, Department of Internal Medicine

Published
2015-12-30