COVID-19: The Story of a Modern Pandemic

  • Roshan J Lewis Unity Point Health, Des Moines, Iowa
Keywords: SARS CoV-2, COVID, RT-PCR test, Facial mask use, Hand hygiene, Social distancing

Abstract

The world has seen the onset of the seventh Coronavirus SARS CoV-2, in the winter of 2019, that spread from a local animal market in the city of Wuhan, in Hubei province to all of China in 30 days. At this time the novel Coronavirus (COVID) disease has spread worldwide by droplets and contact transmission. It can affect people of all ages, though it has the most severe impact in the elderly and those with multiple medical co-morbidities, by affecting the respiratory system leading to high morbidity and mortality. RT-PCR testing of respiratory specimens allows diagnosis. No curative therapy has been approved, while vaccine trials are undergoing. Wearing facial masks, hand hygiene and social distancing can work to prevent community spread. Measures to reduce nosocomial spread and protecting the health of health care workers is crucial as this infection is combatted

Author Biography

Roshan J Lewis, Unity Point Health, Des Moines, Iowa

Infectious Diseases Consultant

Published
2020-05-22
Section
Review Article